Bone defects that are a direct consequence of periodontitis can be regenerated. This is achieved by restructuring the lost bone. However, this approach is only valid for certain types of defects.
The procedure is done using microsurgical techniques, after an appropriate preparation of the patient and only if the actual inflammation had been previously removed.
The defect is cleaned and disinfected. After that, the biologically active substances are placed in order to favor the creation of new bone substance and other supportive tissues. Artificial bone can be added if needed.
When dealing with larger defects, the procedure includes filling the defects with artificial bone and covering them with membrane subsequently.