Maintenance and cleaning of mobile and fixed works

Article Author

Author: Magdalena Miletić Matešić , DMD


In order for prosthetic restorations to be aesthetically and functionally satisfactory for as long as possible, they need to be cleaned regularly and well.

Mobile works are dental prostheses. They are called so because they can be removed from the mouth for cleaning purposes. Cleaning of mobile works can be divided into mechanical and chemical.

For mechanical cleaning, we use a brush and toothpaste, without abrasives so as not to scratch the surface of the prosthesis, or a brush and soap. After each meal, the prosthesis is removed and washed with water, and twice a day it is cleaned with a brush and paste (soap). The oral cavity is rinsed with water and mouthwash (without alcohol, not aggressive), and the gums are cleaned (massaged) with a soft brush.

For chemical cleaning of mobile works, tablets or powders are used that dissolve in water and the prosthesis is immersed in this solution for some time. Mobile works that have metal in them (vironite prostheses, crossbar) must not be immersed in such solutions.

Fixed restorations are cleaned like natural teeth, but more intensive care is required because the teeth under the bridge and crown are still susceptible to caries. It is necessary to pay more attention when brushing the joints of the crowns and the space between the teeth. A mouthwash can also be used for easier cleaning of interdental spaces and under bridges, but as an auxiliary tool. The basic cleaning tool is a brush and paste.

For a beautiful smile and a long life of all prosthetic works, it is necessary to come for regular check-ups and maintain good oral hygiene.