Denture cleaning

Article Author

Author: Magdalena Miletić Matešić , DMD


The denture is a mobile prosthetic replacement, which means that the patient can remove and insert it independently. Therefore, great attention must be paid to the maintenance and hygiene of the prosthesis. Regular cleaning prolongs the life of dentures and prevents the accumulation of impurities, bad breath, inflammation of the supporting tissue and fungal and bacterial inflammation of the mucous membranes.

Denture cleaning can be mechanical or chemical. Mechanical cleaning of the denture is meant with the toothbrush. Dry cleaning is the application of various preparations in the form of powders or tablets. It is important to emphasize that dry cleaning does NOT replace mechanical cleaning but only complements it.

The denture should be cleaned twice a day, with a soft brush and toothpaste. Be sure to brush all surfaces of the denture, including the surface that rests on the mucosa. When cleaning, do not use hard brushes or pastes that contain high amounts of abrasive particles, in order to prevent damage. It should also be emphasized that dentures should never be placed in hot water. Occasionally, chemical cleaners (powders or tablets) can be used to help remove build-up of dirt that the brush fails to remove.

If the denture contains metal parts (joints, metal base) it is necessary to consult a dentist before applying chemicals. When the denture is not in the mouth, it is recommended to put it in water and not to let it air dry. However, the dentist’s recommendation is to periodically remove the denture from the mouth to allow the mucosa to rest. The ideal time for this would be during the night, ie sleeping without dentures.

You should visit your dentist regularly for check-ups of the oral cavity and the denture. If necessary, the dentist will remove pigmentation and hards stains from the denture. At that time the dentis will also give you further instructions on cleaning and hygiene of dentures and the oral cavity.